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Types of Fishing

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Angling is now one of the most popular sports and hobbies in Britain today. You can fish for almost any type of game fish; these are any type of fish that are hunted for sport by recreationalists. There are three main types of fishing: coarse fishing, game fishing and saltwater fishing.

Coarse Fishing

Coarse fishing is probably the most common type of all fishing, it involves fishing for any freshwater fish which are considered game fish, other than salmon or trout. Coarse fishing can take place in canals, rivers, ponds and reservoirs all over the country. Most canals often contain a variety of freshwater fish known as 'mixed coarse fishing', roach and carp are common along with larger species such as pike.

There are three types of coarse fishing, these are float/match fishing, feeder fishing and carp/specialist angling.

Float fishing is where a floating indicator is used to help catch the fish, floats are attached to the fishing line and have a bright coloured tip to enable them to be seen. When a fish is caught the float bobs up and down in the water alerting the angler of the catch. There are many different shapes and sizes of floats and the type you choose will depend upon the type of fishing you are doing.

Match fishing is a competitive form of coarse fishing which involves people drawing out a random peg; a peg is a set place to fish, and then trying to catch as many fish as possible within the allotted time. The winner is usually the angler with the greatest weight of fish caught.

Feeder fishing is one of the most popular and effective methods as it allows a large bed of feed to be laid down in anticipation of a large group of fish or bait to be deposited regularly in a given area, in order to attract fish. There are a range of different shapes and sizes of feeder available and the type of feeder you choose will depend largely on the amount of bait you want to cast, the distance you are casting and the type of bait that you want to feed. When casting it is important that you cast accurately to ensure that your bait does not spread over too wide an area.

Carp or specialist angling is when anglers fish for specialist fish such as, eels, catfish and coarse, and carp. There is specialist equipment available for this type of angling, it is worth speaking to an expert in an angling shop who can help and advise you on what equipment you may need.

Game Fishing

Game fishing is any fishing within fresh water to catch salmon and trout. There are two main methods, fly fishing and bait fishing, and for the novice angler bait fishing is generally the recommended method. There is some basic equipment needed to get started in game fishing, a rod, reel line, floats, split-shot, hooks and bait.

Fly fishing is fishing using artificial flies for baits and usually a fly rod for casting. Fly fishing is most common as the method of catching trout and salmon; however it can now be used to catch a wide variety of species. Fishing for salmon usually takes place on large rivers and trout can normally be caught in rivers and reservoirs.

Artificial flies are created by tying a mixture of hair, fur, feathers and other materials onto a hook with a thread in an attempt to lure the fish to your hook. Artificial flies can vary significantly in size and weight and it is important that the fly is matched with the appropriate line, rod and reel. In general larger heavier flies require heavier lines, larger capacity reels and heavier weight rods.

Your equipment needed for fly fishing will depend on where you will be fishing, for example either the ocean or a stream. The condition of the fishing will generally require a different size rod, reel and line to match the weight of the fly, this will enable you to more accurately present your fly and enable you to get the necessary casting distance.

There are many different fly patterns out there; most of these patterns are trying to imitate a specific insect in the area where you intend to fish. Other patterns are not trying to copy anything but apparently they look too tempting for fish to pass up. Some of the flies float on top of the water where as others can sink to the bottom. Flies are available in different sizes based on the size of the hook that you will be using.

There are three main types of artificial flies. These are known as; dry flies, nymphs and streamers. Dry flies float on the surface of the water and represent the adult stages of an insect's life. Nymphs are subsurface flies and these are used to represent the insect as it is developing from its larvae stage. Streamers are used to imitate small fish and are most effective when catching larger fish through deep pools.

Bait fishing is when you fish using a bait to catch fish, baits such as maggots or boilies are attached to your hook and then cast in the water.

Saltwater or Sea Fishing

Saltwater fishing or sea fishing enables the catching of wild fish in their natural environment; it is not restricted to fishing within an ocean and fishing in an estuary is generally considered as sea fishing. Saltwater fishing can also be undertaken from a pier or jetty, as well as from a boat.

There are many techniques available to sea anglers and they will vary dependent upon where they are fishing and the species that they are attempting to catch. It is important that you match your angling tackle to the conditions you will be fishing in, consideration should be given to the type of fishing you will be undertaking, tidal currents, the conditions you expect to attract fish to your location, the distance the fish are from you and the type of fish you are attempting to catch.

There are three main types of saltwater fishing, the first is known as float fishing. This is where a baited hook is suspended at a fixed variable length under the water. The second method is bottom or ledgering fishing which is where the bait is placed on the bottom of the sea bed, this method can be used to catch all types of fish. Spinning or plugging is the third type; this is where the bait is moved around under the water to attract the fish.

Saltwater fishing may require some specialist equipment due to the conditions of the ocean. A heavier fly rod and reel will be required for saltwater fishing as you will be making longer casts with larger flies in more windy conditions. If you are fishing from rocks then purchasing a pair of rubber soled boots may be advisable as the surfaces can be slippery.

To catch saltwater fish then you may wish to use bait which imitates what the fish eat, for example shrimps, crabs, worms and other small saltwater creatures.